The Greatest War
Higher than angel and lower than animal
Imam Ali AS: the cure is within you, but you do not see, the disease is within you, but you do not sense. 
“Your cure is within you, yet you do not sense it! Your sickness is from you, yet you do not see it! 
You are the open book
You consider yourself a small body; Yet encapsulated within you is the entire universe!”
"You think you are a small entity, but within you is enfolded the entire Universe". The human being has unbelievable ability to reach the highest level.
Stale Marriage; In the beginning the relationship is full of energy and excitement, longest conversations. These conversations sometimes twinkle. 
Faculty of human begin to fight each other. Faculty of reason, Faculty of anger, Faculty of imagination, Faculty of desire

There is need of guidance from our God. 
Allah makes it clear
Ash-Shams (The Sun) 91:7 - 8
وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا

91:7 Consider the human self, and how it is formed in accordance with what it is meant to be. 7
فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

91:8 and how it is imbued with moral failings as well as with consciousness of God! 8It happens too often on everyday basis.
I have to balance my religiosity, western and eastern values, my parent values and my cultural values and my religion's values.
Jehad of battlefield is not greater than jehad binnafs. Holy Prophet PBUH said to the companions when they were returning from a military campaign:, blessed are those who have come from the minor jehad and now have to undertake the major jehad. The companions asked, we just came from battle, that is minor jehad. They were answered, yes, you came from minor jehad. Now you have greatest jehad. What is that? He said, jehad of your nafs. 
To highlight this point, the Prophet Muhammed, may peace be upon him, told his followers returning from a military campaign: “This day we have returned from the minor jihad to the major jihad,” what he said meant returning from an armed battle to the peaceful battle for self-control and betterment. This major jihad can last much longer and be much more challenging than the minor jihad.

One day you feel spiritually so high, on the other day you feel spiritually so low.
One time you go to mosque 50 days in row, on the other time you don't go to mosque whole year. Sometimes you are ready to wake up for Fajr, other time you play salat al breakfast. Salat al 9 00 am. Because now used to praying. You find the times of human being peaks and troughs spritually. That's why this war is the greatest war. I'm looking everyday of balance. Am I able to achieve that balance or not. 
Tonight, let's examine how that greatest war as described within Holy Quran and teachings of Ahl al Bayt AS. 
How can I become a victor in this greatest war. i could not be at Karbla. But sometimes I feel in Karbla everyday in my life. Let's look at this night 


Reach the level of injustice
The whole world was united, recognized the concept the fact
who was the evil (ISIS)
Feb 12, 2015 Ayatollah Sistani 
20 guidelines Ethics of war in Islam
Defensive war
They started raping girls, burning buildings, beheading the people, playing as ball with their heads
It becomes obligatory
Can I break these ethics or Have I stick to them; shown in Holy Quran or paradigms (model)of war. 
Identity and characteristic of a Muslim in these lights
Principles (guidelines) laid down by a scholar
How these Principles are related to security issues and concerns, covenants, agreements, Muslims, Non-Muslims
Right tribunal
Who initiated
Islam is ethics
Exterior physic is not a standard; beard, ring on the hand, hijab
These attributes have some importance
In fashion industry; shaving off was norm
Time has changed
Ethics is on the top
Messenger of Allah saw said: "إنما بعثت لأتمم مكارم الأخلاق" (Innama bu'itstu liutammima makarimal akhlaq) I was only sent to complete/to perfect the noble qualities.
No one can translate these words in any other language.
Surely, indeed, my only mission
to perfect the moral of mankind.
Not only look as religious, act as religious
Arose for namaz, fast, tasbeeh, ring; external
Forbearance, kindness, tolerance, patience; are ethics

Al-Qalam (The Pen) 68:4
وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ

68:4 for, behold, thou keepest indeed to a sublime way of life; [4]Normal human has different value as compared to an expert opinion
When the Lord of human says, your Akhlaq is great
More sublime morals
When Islam began, there was no law
Wajib, haram, halal
Began with moral and ethical outlook in the world
Try to be a person who people can present you
People never think ill of you, they may think best of you

Noble Moral Traits (Makarimul Akhlaq)
Summary of Islam
The greatest document on Ethics
To remind us all the time
Not outer look, how you interact with people in any part of the world.
This is fundamental.
Tit for tat is mahasen al akhlaq.

Makarimul Akhlaq even others do bad to me, I always do the best to them.
Built community on ethical foundations. 
Al-Hujurat (The Dwellings) 49:13

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ
49:13 O men! Behold, We have created you all out of a male and a female, [15] and have made you into nations and tribes, so that you might come to know one another. [16] Verily, the noblest of you in the sight of God is the one who is most deeply conscious of Him. Behold, God is all-knowing, all-aware.
God Conscious Atqqaakom
Battles in Madina
Akhlaq was limited to the family, parents, neighbourhood
The Holy Prophet reminded the companions before going the battlefield, you have to never forget your Muslim identity. 
When ISIS invaded Iraq, our ethics should never be compromised. 
In was there are frustrations. Sometimes enemy is begging you for water. you see some person dieing in front of you.
Ayatollah Sistani announced 20 principles; for every lovers of ahl al bayt, every Muslim, every Iraqi

Don't initiate the war against them. When you are facing them, let them begin then you reply. Because it will show that your motive was peace, not the war.
Safeen; all the staunch friends pushing to start the war. Imam Ali AS was standing right in between. Imam AS said, we will never initiate. Don't compromise the principle. 22 00


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