The Tongue and Its Evils

170- قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (ص) :فِتنَةُ اللِّسانِ اَشَدُّ مِن ضَرْبِ السَّيفِ.بحار الأنوار/71/286
The Holy Prophet [p.b.u.h.] said: "Affliction caused by the tongue is worse than (that caused by) the strike of the blade of a sword."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 71, p. 286
171- قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (ص) :ما مِنْ شيْءٍ اَحَقُّ بِطُولِ السِّجنِ مِنَ اللِّسانِ.بحار الأنوار/71/277
The Holy Prophet [p.b.u.h.] said: "Among all things, the tongue deserves to be prisoned longer than anything else." (Because most of our sins are committed by it, such as backbiting, telling lies, defaming, mocking, insulting, etc.)Bihar-uI-Anwar vol. 71, p. 277
172- قالَ الإمامُ أَميرُ المُؤمنينَ عَلِيٌّ (ع) :فَكِّرْ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّم تَسلَمْ مِنَ الزَّلَلِ.غرر الحكم/228
Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali [a.s.] said: "Do contemplate before speaking so that you may guard yourself from (committing) errs."Ghurar-uI-Hikam, p. 228
173- قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (ص) :هَلاكُ المَرءِ في ثَلاثٍ: في قَبقَبِهِ وَ ذَبذَبِهِ وَ لَقلَقِهِ.وقايع الأيّام/297
The Holy Prophet [p.b.u.h.] said: "The destruction of man lies in three (things): his stomach, his lusts, and his tongue."Waqayi'-ul-'Ayyam, p. 297

174- قالَ الإمامُ الباقِرُ (ع) :لا يُسلَمُ اَحَدٌ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ حَتّى يَخْزُنَ لِسانَهُ.بحار الأنوار/78/178

Imam Baqir, the fifth Imam, [a.s.] said: "No one is safe from sins unless the one controls his/her tongue."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 178

Backbiting and Faultfinding

175- قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (ص) :اَلغِيبَة اَسرَعُ في دينِ الرَّجُلِ المُسلِمِ منَ الأكِلَةِ في جَوفِهِ.الكافي/2/357
The Holy Prophet [p.b.u.h.] said: "Slander acts quicker against the faith of a Muslim believer than leprosy does against his body."Usul-I-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 257
176- قالَ الإمامُ أَميرُ المُؤمنينَ عَلِيٌّ (ع) :اَلسّامِعُ لِلغيبَةِ كَالمُغتابِ.غرر الحكم/307
Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Mi [a.s.] said: "The listener to backbiting is the same as the backbiter."Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 307 

177- قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (ص) :تَرْكُ الغيبَة اَحَبُّ إِلى الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ مِنْ عَشـرَة آلافِ رَكعَةٍ تَطَوٌّعًا.بحار الأنوار/75/261 

The Holy Prophet [p.b.u.h.] said: "The abandoning of backbiting is more valuable to Allah, Almighty and Glorious, than the performance of ten thousand rak'at of recommended prayers."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 261

178- قالَ عَبدُ الْمُؤمِنِ الْأَنصارِيِّ: دَخَلتُ عَلَى الإمامِ  أَبِي الحَسَنِ مُوسَى بنِ جَعفَـرٍ (ع) وَ عِنـدَهُ مُحَمَّدُ بنُ عَبـدِ الله الجَعفَـرِيِّ فَتَبَسَّمـتُ اِلَيـهِ فَقالَ اَتُحِبُّـهُ؟ فَقُلتُ: نَعَم وَ ما اَحبَبتُهُ إلاّ لَكُم، فَقالَ هُوَ اَخُوكَ وَالْمُؤمِنُ اَخُو المُؤمِنِ لاُِمِّهِ وَ اَبِيهِ وَ اِن لَم يَلِدهُ اَبُوهُ، مَلعُـونٌ مَنِ اتَّهَـمَ اَخاهُ مَلعُونٌ مَن غَشَّ اَخاهُ، مَلعُونٌ مَن لَم يَنصَحْ اَخاهُ، مَلعُـونٌ مَنِ اغتابَ اَخاهُ.بحار الأنوار/75/262

'Abd-ul-Mu'min-il-Ansari said that once he himself arrived in the presence of Imam Abil-Hassan Musa ibn Ja'far [a.s.] where Abdillah-il-Ja'fari had attended and Abdul-Mu'min smiled at him. Then he [a.s.] inquired whether Abdul-Mu'min liked Abdillah Al-Ja'fari when he replied to the Imam [a.s.] that he did not like him ('Abdillah) but on his account (the seventh Imam). Then Imam [a.s.] said: "He is your brother, and a Muslim believer is the brother of another Muslim believer though their fathers are not the same. Hence, cursed is he who accuses his (Muslim) brother, cursed is he who deceives his (Muslim) brother, cursed is he who does not advise his (Muslim) brother, and cursed is he who slanders his (Muslim) brother." Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 262
179- قالَ الإمامُ أَميرُ المُؤمنينَ عَلِيٌّ (ع) :شَرٌّ النّاسِ مَن كانَ مُتَتَبِّعًا لِعُيُوبِ النّاسِ عَمِياً عَن مَعايِبِهِ.طرائف الحكم/176
Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali [a.s.] said: "The most vicious person is he who looks for other people's defects while he overlooks his own faults."Tara'if-ul-Hikam, p. 176
180- قالَ الإمامُ مُوسَى بنُ جَعفَرٍ (ع) :مَلعُونٌ مَنِ اغتابَ اَخاهُ.بحار الأنوار/74/232
Imam Kazim [a.s.] said: "Cursed is the one who backbites against one's brother (fellow Muslim)."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 232

Telling Lies
181- عَن أَنَسِ بنِ مالِكٍ قالَ: قالَ رَسُولُ الله صَلَّـى اللّه عَلَيهِ وَ آلِه:ِ تَقَبَّلُوا لي بِسِتٍّ اَتَقَبَّلُ لَكُم بِالجَنَّة:إذا حَدَّثتُم فَلا تَكذِبُوا، وَإذا وَعَدتُم فَلا تُخلِفُوا، وإذا ائْتُمِنْتُـمْ فَلا تَخُونُوا، وَ غُضُّوا اَبصارَكُم، وَاحفَظُـوا فُرُوجَكُـم، وَ كُفُّـو اَيدِيَكُم وَ اَلسِنَتَكُم.الخصال/321

'Anas-ibn-Mlaik narrates from the Messenger of Allah [p.b.u.h.] who said: "Accept six things from me, then I will accept (and guarantee) the entrance of Heaven for you:
1- When you speak, tell no lies. 
2- When you promise, do not break it. 
3- When you are trusted (by others), be honest. 
4- Lower your eyes (from committing sin). 
5- Guard your modesty. 
6- Hold your hands and tongues." Khisal-i-Saduq, p. 321
182- قالَ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ العَسكَرِيُّ (ع) :جُعِلَتِ الخَبائِثُ في بَيتٍ وَ جُعِلَ مِفاحُهُ اَلكِذبَ.بحار الأنوار/72/263
Imam Abi-Muhammad-al-'Askari, the eleventh Imam, [a.s.] said: "Wickedness was put inside a house, and the key (of its door) was rendered to be lies."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 72, p. 263 

183- قالَ الإمامُ السَّجّادُ (ع) :اِتَّقُوا الكِذبَ، الصَّغِيـرَ مِنهُ وَالكَبِيـرَ  فِي  كُلِّ جِـدٍّ وَ هَـزلٍ، فاِنَّ الرَّجُـلَ إذا كَذِبَ  فِي  الصَّغِيرِ اِجتَرَأَ عَلَى الكَبِيرِ.تحف العقول/201

Imam Sajjad [a.s.] said: "Avoid telling lies irrespective of small or great, whether it is in earnest or joking, because when a person tells a lie in small (things), he dares to tell a lie in great things, too."Tuhaful-Uqul, p. 201

184- قالَ الإمامُ أَميرُ المُؤمنينَ عَلِيٌّ (ع) :مـا رَأَتهُ عَيناكَ فَهُوَ الحَقُّ وَ ما سَمِعَتهُ اُذُناكَ فَاَكثَرُهُ باطِلٌ.بحار الأنوار/75/196

Once Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali [a.s.] was asked about the distance between the truth and untruth and, while he [a.s.] was showing the distance between his eye and ear with his four fingers in order to illustrate this distance as his answer, he said: "What your eyes see is 'truth' and what your ears hear is for the most part 'untruth'."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 196

185- قالَ الإمامُ الباقِرُ (ع) :اِنَّ اللّه تَعالى جَعَلَ لِلشَرِّ اَقفالاً وَ جَعَلَ مَفَاتيـحَ تِلكَ الأقفالِ الشَّرابَ، وَالكِذبُ شَرٌّ مِنَ الشَّرابِ.الكافي/2/339
Imam Baqir [a.s.] said: "Verily, Allah, the exalted, has put some locks on vices, the key of which He has put in wine, but the vice of lying is worse than wine."AI-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 339
186- قالَ الإمامُ عليّ بنُ مُوسَى الرِّضا (ع) :عَلَيكُم بِالصِّدقِ وَ إيّاكُم وَالكِذبَ.بحار الأنوار/78/347
Imam Rida [a.s.] said: "Be truthful and avoid telling lies."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 347

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